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Phytocannabinoids in the Plant To date, over 113 phytocannabinoids have been identified within the cannabis plant, the only known plant to produce phytocannabinoids in such large amounts. These phytocannabinoids can rarely form with a 3 carbon ring opposed to a 5 carbon ring, making them propyl phytocannabinoids. THC and CBD are the two most common […]

Serotonergic System

Serotonin System and its Function The serotonin system is a major neuronal system that plays a role in various mental functions, including the regulation of anxiety, mood, cognition, perception and pain. Serotonin works by binding to 5-HT receptors, of which 14 variants have been identified, though full understanding of what each one does has not […]

Dopaminergic System

The Dopaminergic System The reinforcement and reward models of drug addiction have suggested that dopamine neurotransmission plays a key role in the motivation to use drugs. Dopamine appears to be at least partially responsible for the stimulus-reward association that is involved in addiction, and abnormal dopamine levels have even been correlated with schizophrenic and psychotic […]


Camphene is a common terpene found in many common tree species. It has been shown to have antioxidant effects. It can be found naturally in dill, cypress, citronella, ginger, caraway, hyssop and fennel.


Pinene (α-pinene, β-pinene) produces a sharp and fresh pine smell, and is responsible for the signature cannabis smell as well. It is a monoterpene found in every strain of cannabis, and ties with myrcene as the most common terpene in the cannabis species, depending on the strain. It was developed by the cannabis plant as […]

Terpenes and Terpenoids

Terpenes and Smell For some, the aromas of cannabis can be soothing and pleasant, while for others it smells skunky and off-putting. Regardless of your opinion on its scent, which is largely dependent on what strain you’re smelling, you can thank terpenes and terpenoids for that pungent fragrance. Secreted in the same glands that produce […]

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