Hemp and its components are used throughout the industrial, agricultural, construction, applied material, textile, body care and food industries. Among applied materials it can be used as coating, diesel fuel, lubricants, oil paints, printing ink, solvents, supercapacitors and varnish. Among body care, it can be used in body creams, cosmetics, extract oils, lip balms, shampoos and soap.
Among construction materials it can be used in fiberboard, hempcrete, insulation and pressboard. Hempcrete is especially drawing attention recently. A combination of hemp fibers, clay and lime is what has preserved the 1,500 year old Ellora Caves, a world heritage site in India. Hempcrete is non-toxic, fire-retardant, pest resistant, requires less energy to make compared to timber and brick homes, much less energy to heat and cool following construction, and the average annual spending following construction is a little less than half that of a normal home. A standard $300k home with a 10% premium built from timber and brick requires roughly 26,000 kWh of energy to build, roughly 12,480 kWh to heat and cool, and incurs annual energy spending of around $3,120. A $300k hempcrete home with a 10% premium requires roughly 15,642 kWh of energy to build, roughly 2,122 kWh to heat and cool, and incurs annual energy spending of around $1,877.
Among foods it can be used in animal feed, bread, cereals, energy bars and drinks, flour, granola, ice cream, margarine, milk, oils, protein powder, supplements and tea. Hemp is considered a “superfood” due to its nutritional value, high in dietary fiber and GLA, containing all 9 essential amino acids and over 6 times more Omega-3 than raw tuna. Hemp is 39% unsaturated fat, such as Omega 3, 6, 9 and GLA, 33% protein, 12% carbohydrates, 6% vitamins and minerals, 5% moisture and 5% saturated fats.
Among industrial and agricultural products it can be used as animal bedding, batteries, bio-composite reinforcements in cars, cable cords, chemical absorbents, compression molding, erosion control blankets, ethanol, geotextiles, graphene-like nanomaterials, mulch, nonwovens, plastics and waste cleanup. Among textiles it can be used as apparel, canvas, carpeting, cordage, curtains, filters, linens, netting, paper and rope.
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