Cannabis 101 Archives - Endourage

Cannabis 101

Product Testing

All cannabis products must undergo testing to identify the compounds within, possible aflatoxins, microbiological contamination, the total aerobic plate count, amount of yeast and molds, the total coliforms, ensure no salmonella, E. coli or heavy metals including inorganic arsenic, cadmium, lead, methyl mercury and residual solvents are found in the product, as well as a […]

Entourage Effect

The entourage effect is a name given to a biological and consumption process that allows the largest, widest range of medicinal benefits to be felt from consuming cannabis. Smoking or vaporizing raw bud allows all 113 phytocannabinoids and 455+ terpenes to be absorbed, instead of just a singular phytocannabinoid like THC or CBD that you […]

Drug Testing With CBD

All CBD products regulated in the US must have a THC percentage below 0.3%, with anything testing above being considered a THC product. The same rule applies to hemp-derived CBD; not only do the extracted products have to be below 0.3% THC, but the hemp plant itself must have less than 0.3% THC production in […]

Drug Testing

A marijuana drug test will test for THC and its metabolites, 11-hydroxy-THC (11-OH-THC) and 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC (THC-COOH). When taking drug tests, the ability to pass or fail depends on numerous factors, including what type of drug test is being administered, food intake before initial consumption, water intake after consumption, fat content in the consumer, type and […]


Phytocannabinoids in the Plant To date, over 113 phytocannabinoids have been identified within the cannabis plant, the only known plant to produce phytocannabinoids in such large amounts. These phytocannabinoids can rarely form with a 3 carbon ring opposed to a 5 carbon ring, making them propyl phytocannabinoids. THC and CBD are the two most common […]

Serotonergic System

Serotonin System and its Function The serotonin system is a major neuronal system that plays a role in various mental functions, including the regulation of anxiety, mood, cognition, perception and pain. Serotonin works by binding to 5-HT receptors, of which 14 variants have been identified, though full understanding of what each one does has not […]

Dopaminergic System

The Dopaminergic System The reinforcement and reward models of drug addiction have suggested that dopamine neurotransmission plays a key role in the motivation to use drugs. Dopamine appears to be at least partially responsible for the stimulus-reward association that is involved in addiction, and abnormal dopamine levels have even been correlated with schizophrenic and psychotic […]

Terpenes and Terpenoids

Terpenes and Smell For some, the aromas of cannabis can be soothing and pleasant, while for others it smells skunky and off-putting. Regardless of your opinion on its scent, which is largely dependent on what strain you’re smelling, you can thank terpenes and terpenoids for that pungent fragrance. Secreted in the same glands that produce […]

Endocannabinoid System

Your endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a group of specialized fatty acid-based lipid signaling chemicals, their receptors, and the metabolic enzymes that produce and break them down. It was named after the plant that led to its discovery, cannabis, and although detected in the early 1980s, its existence wasn’t confirmed until 1992 by a group of […]

Post Legalization

Many worriers over the legalization of recreational or medical marijuana cite unknown and unintended cultural effects. These tend to include anything from economic shifts, to cultural upheaval to increases in DUIs and public consumption. Fortunately, with many states’ legalizations ahead of the federal government over the years, and a number of studies searching for these […]

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